Double edge (DE) safety razors have been in use for over a century and continue to be popular today among those who prefer a traditional, close shave. Merkur/Solingen has been at the forefront of DE safety razor design and manufacturing for over 125 years. There are several styles of Merkur razors available, each with their unique features and benefits. Here are the most common types of Merkur double edge safety razors:

Also see: How to get the best shave...

safety razors vs cartridge razors

Types of razor construction

Three-piece Razor: This is one of the oldest styles of double edge safety razors. It has three separate parts, the handle, baseplate, and top cap. The blade is placed between the baseplate and the top cap, and then you screw the handle into place. These razors are simple to use, and the design makes it easy to clean.

Two-piece razor: A two-piece razor is similar to a three-piece razor, except that the baseplate and handle are joined together and the top cap screws into the handle. This type of razor is easy to assemble and disassemble for cleaning and blade replacement.

Adjustable Razor: Adjustable razors allow you to adjust the blade's angle and exposure to suit your skin type and hair thickness. These razors have a dial or knob that can be turned to adjust the blade. Adjustable razors are the most flexible as they allow use with any skin tone and facial hair thickness. Also, skin tone and hair thickness can change over time and adjustable razors allow for resetting the blade angle to find the most comfortable shave at any given time without replacing the razor. Adjustable razors are the best style for a long-term investment in your razor. 

Guard Styles

Straight Guard Razor: The guard of the baseplate is straight across and has a closed comb with a flat surface on the baseplate. This makes it easier to control the pressure applied during shaving. This type of razor is suitable for those with a normal skin tone and light or medium facial hair. This is the most common style used.
Slant Guard Razor: This type of razor has the blade angled at a slant, and it allows it to cut the hair more efficiently. This is ideal for people with thick facial hair or those who want an extra-close shave.
Open Comb Razor: An open comb razor has teeth on the baseplate that help to guide the hair towards the blade, making it easier to cut. This type of razor is best suited for people with thick or coarse hair.


Merkur double edge safety razors come in various styles, and each type has its unique features and benefits. Choosing the right one depends on your preference, hair type, and level of experience with wet shaving.